Lake Urmia Ecosystem
Lake Urmia is located in northwestern Iran, between the two provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. The water of this lake is supplied from several rivers, the most important of which are Kadar River, Zarrineh River, Shahrchay, Baranduz, Nazlu, Simineh River and Zola. This lake has an area of 5000 square kilometers (35 by 150) and in terms of salinity concentration is the second salt water lake and the twentieth largest lake in the world. Lake Urmia has 102 large and small islands, the largest of which is known as the royal island around the lake. There are many different mountain ranges. Researchers date Lake Urmia to 30,000 to 40,000 years, but some of them believe that this place existed about 400,000 to 500,000 years ago based on the barracks around the lake. get bulk sea salt by Urmiana company
Artemia is the only creature in Lake Urmia
Urmia Lake has been facing water shortage for many years. Its water salinity has increased significantly so that no living thing except Artemia can tolerate this concentration of salinity. Even this concentration of water has affected the life of this creature so that the number of their spawning, which was something between 20 and 30 per liter, will be reduced to one to three. These creatures are a good food source for birds and with the destruction of Artemia There will be no more food for the birds and they will not want to stay.
Algae of Lake Urmia
Algae are another plant creature in this lake. Algae are a type of food chain that has increased algae on the surface of the lake with the decrease of
Artemia. has done
Around Lake Urmia, which is the widest inland lake, there are cities and villages whose water status in agriculture and their prosperity has also affected. Most of these towns and villages are located on alluvial fans. Lake Urmia annually hosts many migratory birds. Lack of rain and incorrect and illegal withdrawals from the lake water destroy the lake and damage the ecosystem Will be a lake and will turn the lake area into a desert.
Annual evaporation rate of lake water
Urmia Lake is one of the rare lakes. Its water is 6 times saltier than usual and in terms of depth, size, chemical composition, ecology and water circulation and type of sediments at the bottom of the lake has characteristics. Neogene gypsum and salt rocks in catchment areas It can be realized that there is a large amount of salt in the water, on the other hand, reducing rainfall and high evaporation of water increases the salinity of water.
The creation of Shahid Hemmat Highway for closer communication between the two cities of Tabriz and Urmia has changed the process of sedimentation of the lake, which in the near future will turn the lake into two parts, north and south.