The Caspian Sea, also known as the world’s largest lake, is a body of water that stretches from the west of the Caucasus Mountains to the end of Central Asia. The name is derived from the Caspian Sea. It is equivalent to 386,400 square kilometers. The length of the sea from north to south, which reaches Iran, is 120 kilometers, and the width of the sea is 320 square kilometers. The depth of the sea is 1025 meters and it has 130 river catchments. The largest of them is the Volga River. Most of the Caspian Sea catchments are connected to the sea from the northwest. The sea level is 26 to 28 meters lower than the open sea level.
The importance of the Caspian Sea
The Caspian Sea is a great source of energy, which in addition to the effects of the climate for the people of the region annually provides a large amount of fish needed by the market and the people, so that every year the amount of 600,000 tons of fish from the sea Caspian is caught. This sea is a great source for aquaculture. Another importance of this sea is its oil and gas reserves, which in this regard has gained the third place and provides 4% of the world’s oil and gas reserves. Be
Neighbors of the Caspian Sea
Countries such as Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan, Iran, Turkmenistan are spread on the shores of the Caspian Sea. It is bordered by Russia to the north, Russia and Azerbaijan to the west, and Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan to the east. The lake has no access to the high seas and only It is connected to the Black Sea by canal. The Caspian Sea is one of the limited seas that is limited in the middle of the land. Its area is a quarter of the whole of Iran. 1789 km in Turkmenistan has a beach
Old names of the Caspian Sea
Another name for the Caspian Sea is the Tabarestan Sea. This is an old and ancient name left over from the twelfth century. The Iranians knew this sea as Tabarestan. Who lived in this area in the second millennium BC
The salinity of the Caspian Sea is low, so sharks can not adapt to these conditions. Sharks can live in brackish water. The Caspian Sea has a high level of hydrocarbon fuels, most of which belong to the Republic of Azerbaijan, according to statistics. Recorded in 2012, Azerbaijan extracts 890 barrels, Kazakhstan 3,000 barrels and Russia 6,000 barrels.